Some of the dead lacked the upper body, others – the lower part
An explosion of a horse-drawn carriage filled with explosives took place on Wall Street on September 16, 1920. Although the worst attack in New York to September 11 affected hundreds of victims, the focus was on “ordinary business.”
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Zu At Christmas 1800, the first consul of the French Republic wanted to attend a performance in Haydn’s oratorio “Creation” at the Paris Opera. As the crew with Napoleon Bonaparte and his wife walked past rue Saint-Niquez, a horse-drawn carriage suddenly blocked the way. The usher pushed him aside. Then it exploded.
At least four people were killed, about 60 were injured, some seriously. Bonaparte, who survived the royalist attack unscathed, immediately demanded broad powers against terrorism. He told the State Council, “Blood must flow.”
120 years later, the Italian Mario Buda probably took an example from this. He loaded a horse and cart with 50 pounds of trinitrotoluene explosives, better known by the acronym TNT, plus 250 pounds of “sash,” as iron counterweights for sliding windows commonly used in New York are called, and maneuvered on September 16, 1920, in Thursday, all on Wall Street.
There he parked the car in front of JP Morgan Bank and fled while the church bells marked noon. Next to the Buddha left a pile of leaflets in which it was written: “Remember, we will no longer accept. Release the political prisoners, otherwise it will be the certain death of all of you. “At 12:01 pm the fuse began a warning and action. A huge explosion brought death and horror to New York.
“The horse and cart were torn to pieces. Broken glass poured into the street from the office windows, and awnings on the windows caught fire on the twelfth floor. People fled in panic while a large cloud of dust enveloped the area, “- describes the American historian. Pavel Aurych consequences.
Thirty people lay dead on Wall Street, some with no torso or abdomen, eyewitnesses said. The team was completely destroyed, and the force of the explosion tore the entrails of the horse.
The criminal scheduled the time. About twelve o’clock the first employees of the surrounding banks went to dinner. Therefore, flying around the iron bars found many victims among messengers, clerks, secretaries and merchants. About 300 people were injured, some seriously, and in addition to those who died immediately, in the following days the victims were nine more.
A bomb blast at the U.S. financial center on September 16, 1920 is considered the worst terrorist attack in New York until September 11, 2001. At the same time, historians draw lines from a wrecked van to cars exploding with horrific regularity in Baghdad or Kabul: Als. ” The air force of the little man, ”as American social historian Mike Davis called the weapon in“ The History of the Car Bomb ”(2007).
But those responsible for postwar New York saw things differently. One survivor has already made it clear to the reporter: “For me, there is no doubt that the explosion was caused by the Bolsheviks.” After German agents and the surviving Spanish flu, the nation was drawn into the October Revolution and the ensuing civil war in Russia. Fear is filled.
The detonation was therefore interpreted as a deliberate attack by the Communists on the US economic system. Bankers were well aware of the possible consequences, remembering the sharp drop in prices provoked by the outbreak of World War I in August 1914. Therefore, it was decided to do everything possible for de-escalation in accordance with the motto “ordinary business”.
After the suspension of trading on the stock exchange for several hours, the counters opened on September 21 at normal times. Almost all traces of the attack were removed. Only JP Morgan refused to repair the damage to the facade of his office building. Property damage ranged from $ 1.5 million to $ 2 million.
However, the leaflets left by the blast soon brought police on a probable trail. This led to anarchist circles of Italian origin. Two prominent members, Nicolas Sacco and Bartholomew Vancetti, had been arrested a few days earlier on suspicion of murder, a purely political measure for their supporters. One of them was Mario Buda, who was able to move abroad and is now considered by many to be a criminal. Other authors involve other names or whole gangs or even suspect a subversive maneuver for simply stealing gold, which, however, did not happen.
It will be another 27 years before the attack on Wall Street is recorded. On January 12, 1947, fighters of the Zionist Assault Gang blew up a truck loaded with explosives in front of a British police station in Haifa. From there, the car exploded in a body of water for a terrorist war.
“Car bombings have taken place or have taken place in at least 23 countries, and another 35 states have been affected by at least one fatal car attack in recent decades,” said bomb researcher Mike Davis, summing up his history of exposure.